Posted: October 26th, 2022

rjas corrected 1 – Copy Essay

Varietal Efficiency of Groundnut Development in Tamil Nadu: An Financial Evaluation P.Anitha1, R. Senthil kumar2, T.Rajendran3, C.Muralidharan4Tamil Nadu Agricultural College, Division of Social Sciences, Agricultural Faculty and Analysis Institute (AC&RI), Killikulam, Vallanadu, Tamil Nadu, India – 628 252E-Mail: [email protected] Space, Manufacturing and Yield of groundnut rising districts like Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Erode, Kancheepuram, Madurai, Perambalur, Pudukkottai, Salem, Thiruvannamalai, Thiruchirapalli, Vellore, Villupuram districts of Tamil Nadu are calculated. Secondary information for the interval from (1998-99) to (2015-16).

Linear perform used to match Development, Compound development charge (CGR) and Decomposition evaluation are estimated. Linear and Compound development charge reveals that reducing pattern in space & manufacturing adopted by rising pattern in yield. In decomposition evaluation, declining sample is noticed in Tamil Nadu and India attributable to yield impact and interplay impact.Key phrases: Groundnut, Development, Compound development charge, Decomposition evaluation. INTRODUCTION Groundnut an oilseed crop in India, is referred as peanut, earthnut, monkey nut, goober peas, pygmy nuts (Chandra Mohan Misra, 2017).

Cultivation of groundnut in India, China, Nigeria, Sudan, USA and so on., meant for oil and meals goal. Two third of the World Groundnut crop consumed in extracting oil and one third diverted for edible product Groundnut oil, Groundnut Chikki, Groundnut flour. Indian Floor nut accounts 40% of the world space and 30% output (Groundnut ” ICAR). Grown primarily tropical, sub-tropical and in heat temperate areas between 400N and 400S latitudes each Kharif and Rabi crop accounting 26.Four million hectares with a complete manufacturing of 37.1 2 million metric t. The common productiveness is 1400 kg/ha (IOPEPC, Mumbai). Most Space in India 70 lakh hectares and second in manufacturing 85 lakh metric t (IOPEPC, Mumbai).States the place Groundnut is grown are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The opposite essential northern states the place it’s grown are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.The common space, manufacturing and yield of India & Tamil Nadu are given within the annexure and the typical space, manufacturing and yield of main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu had been additionally given.METHODOLOGYAnalysis specifically linear development charge, compound development charge and decomposition evaluation had been calculated based mostly on research made by Agashe DR et.al (2018), Gayathri (2018), Shruthi et.al (2017), Viswanatha Reddy Ok et.al (2017), Fasih ur rehman et.al (2011). Secondary information had been collected from space and manufacturing statistics (Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare) from 1998-99 to 2015-16. Knowledge relating to space, manufacturing and yield for main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu had been collected.1) Linear pattern :The next linear regression equation was fitted to space, manufacturing and yield of groundnut,y=ax+by = Space/Manufacturing/Yield of groundnut in Tamil Nadu.a= Interceptb= Slope co-efficient2) Compound development charge:Compound development charges had been estimated to know the expansion sample on space, manufacturing and yield of groundnut in several districts of Tamil Nadu.The expansion mannequin was specified as follows_Y=abt The place, Y = Dependent variable for which development charge was estimated. a = Intercept. b = Regression coefficient. t = Time variable The compound development charge (r) was obtained for the logarithmic type of the equation as beneath: logy=loga+tlogbThe per cent compound development charge (r) was given as, r=[Antilog-1]—1003) Decomposition evaluation : €P=A—€Y+Y—€A+€A—€Y€P = change in manufacturing€A = change in space€Y =change in yield A*€Y = yield effectY*€A = space impact€A*€Y= interplay effectRESULTS AND DISCUSSION:Desk 1: Linear pattern of main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu:District Space Manufacturing Yielda b t a b t a b tCuddalore41428.18 -2135.39 -Eight.2885442.9-3076.26-Three.Eight 1.430.165.14Dharmapuri59375.05-3533.29-5.0296768.95-5118.33-Three.731.310.Zero85.02Erode 57994.41-2620.28-7.05101957.59-4748.88-5.031.680.00040.04Kancheepuram42319.17-1919.91-9.24108472.41-3683.27-6.252.430.Zero93.76Madurai 10180.67-501.43-6.2416372.19-752.52-Four.941.490.Zero32.93Perambalur46654.52-2923.67-10.7767982.69-3999.13-9.481.40.120.83Pudukkottai39215.11-1819.47-9.5250539.37-1714.7-Four.230.90.0884.46Salem 51082.99-2143.65-6.0477344.59-2707.54-2.871.280.0462.79Thiruvannamalai108567.6-2676.51-Three.59131468.03673.450.521.110.0664.24Thiruchirapalli23931.2-991.74-Four.9237698.31-1161.98-Three.291.450.0514.63Vellore 67797.96-1828.81-6.69103130.63-830.07-Zero.831.320.0663.79Villupuram110443.Three-5088.29-5.58164218.35-3876.65-2.791.280.1013.44a= Intercept b= Slope co-efficient t=desk valueLinear pattern reported in desk 1 signifies that Development in space is discovered to be destructive in chosen districts of Tamil Nadu equivalent to Cuddalore (-2135.39), Dharmapuri (-3533.29), Erode (-2620.28), Kanchipuram (-1919.91), Madurai (-501.43), Perambalur (-2923.67), Pudukkottai (-1819.47), Salem (-2143.65), Tiruvannamalai (-2676.51), Tiruchirappalli (-991.74), Vellore (-1828.81), Villupuram (-5088.29).The pattern in manufacturing is discovered to optimistic solely in Tiruvannamalai (673.45) and the opposite districts reveals destructive pattern in Cuddalore (-3076.26), Dharmapuri (-5118.33), Erode (-4748.88), Kanchipuram (-3683.27), Madurai (-752.52), Perambalur(-3999.13), Pudukkottai (-1714.7), Salem (-2707.54), Tiruchirappalli (-1161.98), Vellore (-830.07), Villupuram (-3876.65).The yield reveals optimistic pattern Cuddalore (Zero.16), Dharmapuri (Zero.08),Erode (Zero.0004), Kanchipuram (Zero.09), Madurai (Zero.03), Perambalur(Zero.12), Pudukkottai (Zero.12), Salem (Zero.Zero46), Tiruvannamalai (Zero.066), Tiruchirappalli (Zero.Zero51), Vellore (Zero.066), Villupuram (Zero.10).Desk 2: Significance of linear trendDistrict Space Manufacturing YieldCuddalore-Eight.29** -Three.Eight** 5.14**Dharmapuri-5.02** -Three.74** 5.02**Erode -7.05** -5.04** Zero.04 NSKanchipuram-9.25** -6.25** Three.76**Madurai -6.25** -Four.95** 2.93**Perambalur-10.77** -9.49** Zero.83 NSPudukkottai-9.53** -Four.23** Four.46**Salem -6.04** -2.87* 2.79*Tiruvannamalai-Three.59** Zero.52 NS Four.24**Tiruchirappalli-Four.92** -Three.29** Four.63**Vellore -6.69** -Zero.84NS Three.79**Villupuram-5.58** -2.79* 13.44**** Signifies significance at 1% * Signifies significance at 5% NS signifies not significantSignificance in linear pattern reported in desk 2 signifies that space, manufacturing and yield of groundnut in main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu. The world reveals destructive and important pattern. In manufacturing it reveals destructive and important pattern besides Tiruvannamalai (Zero.52) and Vellore (-Zero.84) district which reveals no important pattern. The yield reveals optimistic and important pattern in all of the districts besides Erode (Zero.Zero04) and Perambalur(Zero.83) which reveals not important.Desk Three: Compound development charge of main groundnut rising districts of Tamil NaduDistrict Compound development charge %Space Manufacturing YieldCuddalore-9.24 -Four.65 5.05Dharmapuri-10.98 -7.63 Three.75Erode -7.49 -7.43 Zero.07Kancheepuram-7.72 -5.14 Eight.98Madurai -Eight.9 -7.48 1.56Perambalur-21.5 -17.79 Four.83Pudukkottai-Eight.94 -Four.76 Four.58Salem -6.22 -Three.76 2.62Thiruvannamalai-Three.16 Zero.57 Three.85Thiruchirapalli-5.95 -Three.52 2.59Vellore -Three.56 -Zero.42 Three.24Villupuram-7.16 -2.67 Four.85Compound development charge reported in Desk Three reveals that space outcomes destructive development charge in main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu equivalent to Cuddalore (-9.24%),Dharmapuri (-10.98%), Erode (-7.49%), Kanchipuram (-7.72%), Madurai (-Eight.9%), Perambalur (-21.5%), Pudukkottai (-Eight.94%), Salem (-6.22%), Tiruvannamalai (-Three.16%), Tiruchirappalli (-Three.16%), Vellore (-Three.56%), Villupuram (-7.16%).In manufacturing additionally it reveals destructive development charge besides Tiruvannamalai district (Zero.57%) and different districts embrace Cuddalore(-Four.65%), Dharmapuri (-7.63%), Erode (-7.43%), Kanchipuram (-5.14%), Madurai (-7.48%), Perambalur (-17.79%), Pudukkottai(-Four.76%), Salem (-Three.76%), Tiruchirappalli (-Three.52%), Vellore (-Zero.42%), Villupuram (-2.67%). The yield reveals optimistic development charge in Cuddalore(5.05%), Dharmapuri(Three.75%), Erode(Zero.07%),Kanchipuram(Eight.98%),Madurai(1.56%),Perambalur(Four.83), Pudukkottai(Four.58%), Salem(2.62%),Tiruvannamalai(Three.85%),Tiruchirappalli(2.59%),Vellore(Three.24%),Villupuram (Four.85%).Desk Four: Significance of compound development rateDistrict Space Manufacturing YieldCuddalore-12.1** -Three.56** 5.14**Dharmapuri-6.69** -Three.49** Four.90**Erode -Eight.10** -5.21** Zero.Zero38 NSKanchipuram-14.07** -6.30** Four.07**Madurai -9.26** -6.70** 2.86*Perambalur-Eight.10** -6.51** 1.94 NSPudukkottai-9.10** -Four.09** Four.46**Salem -7.40** -2.26* 2.58*Tiruvannamalai-Three.63** Zero.61 NS Four.30**Tiruchirappalli-5.42** -Three.07** Four.66**Vellore -7.75** -Zero.Four NS Three.39**Villupuram-7.85** -2.71* 13.44**** Signifies significance at 1% * Signifies significance at 5% NS signifies not significantSignificance of compound development charge reported in desk Four signifies the importance in space, manufacturing and yield of main groundnut rising districts of Tamil Nadu. The world has important and destructive development charge. In manufacturing, Tiruvannamalai and Vellore reveals not important, all the opposite districts reveals important and destructive development charge. In yield, erode and Perambalur has not significance, all the opposite districts reveals optimistic and important development charge.Desk 5: Decomposition evaluation of main groundnut rising districts of Tamil NaduCuddaloreeffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 24.Zero09 146.68 233.64space impact 67.18 -35.45 -114.98interplay impact Eight.Eight -11.22 -18.66Dharmapurieffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact -70.17 29.63 -444.32space impact 190.38 -11.7 667.4interaction impact -20.2 82.07 -123.07Erode impact/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 26.35 63.84 12.27space impact 97.31 61.18 108.9interaction impact -23.66 -25.02 -21.18Kanchipurameffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact -27.36 20.78 -78.08space impact 112.85 73.02 158.34interplay impact 14.5 6.18 19.74Madurai impact/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact -12.09 25.01 1.38space impact 110.33 83.87 99.23interplay impact 1.76 -Eight.88 -Zero.62Perambalureffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 27.16 179.81 -20.88space impact 71.56 -47.88 26.03interplay impact 1.27 -31.92 94.84Pudukkottaieffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 23.41 180.61 259.53space impact 84.99 -71.38 -161.61interplay impact -Eight.Four -9.23 2.07Salem impact/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 37.1 137.21 -64.88space impact 84.01 -45.51 218.92interplay impact -21.12 Eight.Three -54.03Tiruvannamalaieffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 157.18 259.64 -407.28space impact -45.98 -117.54 384.52interplay impact -11.19 -42.1 122.76Tiruchirappallieffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact Zero.27 Three.04 1.33space impact 99.88 91.24 97.92interplay impact -Zero.16 5.71 Zero.74Vellore impact/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact Three.47 184.56 1206.99space impact 108.6 -77.32 -1153.46interplay impact -12.08 -7.23 46.47Villupurameffect/12 months I interval II interval general periodyield impact 930.54 Zero.002 293.68space impact -735.83 -Zero.Zero03 -185.98interplay impact -94.71 100.Zero01 -7.7In Decomposition evaluation, the research interval was divided into three intervals viz., interval I (1999-2008), interval II (2009-2017) and general interval from 1999-2017.In interval I, the output development is because of yield impact in Tiruvannamalai and Villupuramand in different districts equivalent to Cuddalore, Dharamapuri, Erode, Kancheepuram, Madurai, Perambalur, Pudukkottai , Salem, Trichirappalli, and Vellore it is because of space impact.In interval II, the output development is because of yield impact in Cuddalore, Erode, Perambalur, Pudukkotai, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore and the world impact in Kanchipuram, Madurai, Trichirappalli. Within the district of Dharmapuri and Villupuram it reveals that development is because of interplay impact.In interval III (i.e, general interval), it reveals that output development attributable to yield impact within the districts of Cuddalore, Pudukkotai, Vellore, Villupuram and in Dharmapuri, Erode, Kanchipuram, Madurai, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Trichirappalli development is because of space impact. In Perambalur it reveals interplay impact.CONCLUSIONSThe above outcomes reveal that space and manufacturing reveals that reducing pattern and reducing development charge. The yield reveals that optimistic pattern and rising development charge. In decomposition evaluation, the change in manufacturing is principally as a result of space impact and small quantity of change in yield impact and interplay impact. This lower within the space of groundnut could also be attributable to improve in inhabitants of the actual district which leads lower in space. Lower in manufacturing could also be as a result of inadequate finance and lack in use of improved technological course of in Groundnut cultivation. This may be overcome by creating consciousness among the many farmers and offering them with correct coaching and different amenities. The highest Three main groundnut rising areas in Tamil Nadu are Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram and Vellore. The varieties which grown in these areas are TMV 2, TMV 7, TMV 10, VRI Three, VRI Four 5. REFERENCESAgashe DR et.al (2018) Developments of space, manufacturing and productiveness of groundnut in several districts of Chattisgarh. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2018; 7(Four): 1254-1259Chadra Mohan Misra, (2017). Developments in Space Manufacturing and Productiveness of Groundnut in India: Points & Challenges, Quest Journals, Journal of Analysis in Agriculture and Animal Science Quantity Four ~ Problem 7 (2017) pp: 01-06.Gayathri, J. (2018). A Development Evaluation of Space, Manufacturing and Yield of Groundnut in India. Shanlax Worldwide Journal of Economics, 6(Three),15″21Indian Oilseed and Produce Export Promotion Council, IOPEPC, MumbaiRehman, F. et.al (2011). Estimating development charges and decomposition evaluation of agricultural manufacturing in Pakistan: pre and put up sap evaluation. Sarhad J. Agric. 27(1): 125-131Shruthi G., DayakarRao, B., Latika Devi Y & Jolly Masih, (2017). Evaluation of Space, Manufacturing, andProductivity of Groundnut Crop in Telangana,Agricultural Science Digest ” A Analysis 37(2) 2017: 151-153Viswanatha Reddy Ok.,KingslyImmanuelraj T., (2017)Space, Manufacturing, Yield Developments and Sample ofOilseeds Progress in IndiaEconomic Affairs Vol. 62, No. 2, pp. 327-334, June 2017ANNEXURETable 6: Common space,manufacturing, yield of groundnut in India and Tamil NaduYear Space(000 ha) Manufacturing(000 tonnes) Yield(kg/ha)INDIA TAMILNADU INDIA TAMILNADU INDIA TAMILNADU1996-2001 29.27 36.63 25.41 Four.79 26.98 21.522001-06 25.99 26.80 24.30 33.88 29.09 20.412006-11 24.24 20.90 24.92 32.74 5.55 25.702011-16 20.48 15.66 25.35 28.57 38.35 32.35Supply: Writer’s Calculation utilizing Season and Crop report 2012Desk 7: Common space of groundnut in main groundnut rising districts of Tamil NaduDistrict Space1998-2001 2001-2004 2004-2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016Cuddalore35.54 21.40 14.62 11.82 Eight.04 Eight.58Dharmapuri46.93 19.80 10.07 7.82 Eight.36 7.01Erode 30.65 16.91 20.94 12.72 9.09 9.69Kancheepuram30.87 19.56 16.40 13.99 11.22 7.96Madurai 31.55 17.97 21.43 12.77 Eight.86 7.42Perambalur36.16 29.27 23.39 7.79 1.51 1.88Pudukkottai30.34 17.62 18.91 15.73 11.75 5.66Salem 30.22 18.62 16.32 13.03 10.71 11.10Thiruvannamalai18.70 19.72 19.29 17.52 11.69 13.08Thiruchirapalli32.30 13.44 17.80 14.86 11.69 9.91Vellore 21.65 17.56 18.56 16.48 13.72 12.03Villupuram34.53 17.05 14.69 13.83 9.82 10.07Supply: Writer’s CalculationTable Eight: Common manufacturing of groundnut in main groundnut rising districts of Tamil NaduDistrict Manufacturing1998-2001 2001-2004 2004-2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016Cuddalore29.18 19.42 14.46 10.68 10.39 15.87Dharmapuri43.42 16.12 9.76 9.09 11.66 9.94Erode 33.88 13.92 20.19 13.38 Eight.32 10.30Kancheepuram24.90 17.74 17.39 16.26 14.56 9.16Madurai 30.94 16.27 20.54 13.70 9.90 Eight.65Perambalur32.71 27.40 22.11 12.68 1.91 Three.19Pudukkottai26.20 14.73 20.76 13.88 14.32 10.10Salem 31.64 15.17 13.05 11.60 14.10 14.44Thiruvannamalai15.32 15.82 16.66 19.20 15.66 17.33Thiruchirapalli27.84 12.71 18.52 14.04 14.04 12.85Vellore 22.38 13.17 14.46 16.09 16.12 17.78Villupuram25.09 15.29 14.45 17.33 12.47 15.37Supply: Writer’s CalculationTable 9: Common yield of groundnut in main groundnut rising districts of Tamil NaduDistrict Yield1998-2001 2001-2004 2004-2007 2007-2010 2010-2013 2013-2016Cuddalore11.94 13.28 14.86 13.43 18.92 27.57Dharmapuri14.06 11.62 14.72 17.59 20.23 21.78Erode 18.72 13.71 16.15 17.93 15.39 18.09Kancheepuram12.54 14.16 16.77 18.37 20.25 17.93Madurai 15.62 14.45 15.96 17.00 18.08 18.90Perambalur9.32 9.76 10.19 40.17 13.06 17.50Pudukkottai12.31 12.31 16.46 13.36 18.22 27.33Salem 17.19 12.46 13.10 14.60 21.41 21.25Thiruvannamalai13.47 12.58 13.98 17.43 21.42 21.10Thiruchirapalli13.54 14.95 16.67 14.98 19.20 20.67Vellore 16.76 11.97 12.62 15.79 18.95 23.91Villupuram10.96 13.37 14.81 18.91 19.13 22.82Supply: Writer’s CalculationTable 10: Season and number of groundnut in Tamil NaduSeason/ District VarietyChithiraipattam (Apr”Could) Pollachi, Theni and TenkasiTMV 2, TMV 7, JL 24, CO2, VRI 2, VRI Three, ALR 2, ALR Three, VRI 4a) Early adipattam (June”July) Kanchipuram, Tiruvallur, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Cuddalore and Villupuram.TMV 2, TMV 7, TMV 10, VRI Three, VRI Four 5b)Salem, Namakkal, Dharmapuri, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Pudukottai, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam.CO2, CO Three, JL 24, VRI 2, VRI Three, VRI Four, CO(GN)6c) Erode and Coimbatore.CO 2, CO Three, JL 24, VRI 2 VRI Three, VRI Four, BSR 1,Late Adipattam (July ” Aug) Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Sivagangai, Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Salem, Namakkal, Kanyakumari, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Ramanathapuram and Pudukottai.TMV 2, TMV 7, TMV 10, CO 1, CO 2, CO Three, JL 24, VRI 2, VRI Three, BSR1,VRI4, CO(GN)6Aippasipattam(Oct): Kanyakumari,Kanchipuram,Tiruvallur, Tiruchirapalli, Perambalur, Karur, Cuddalore and Villupuram.TMV 7, TMV 2, CO 2, JL 24, VRI 2, VRI Three, BSR 1, VRI 4Summer (Apr ” July)All districtsTMV 2, TMV 7, CO 1, CO 2, CO Three, VRI 2, VRI Three, BSR 1, VRI 4Margazhipattam(Dec ” Jan)All districts besides Erode &CoimbaTMV 2, TMV 7, CO 1, CO 2, VRI 2,VRI Three, VRI Four BSR 1, VRI 4Masipattam (Feb ” Mar) : (New Delta areas of Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam)TMV 2, TMV 7, CO 2, JL 24, VRI 2, VRI Three, BSR 1, VRI 4Source: agritech.tnau.ac.in

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