Posted: August 11th, 2022

An Introduction to Car-sharing & Zipcar Essay

Again in 2000, in lieu of overcrowding within the US automotive rental market, Zipcar applied a blue ocean technique and established its car-sharing enterprise because the dominant different to automotive possession. In contrast to automotive leases corporations that cost customers on a per day foundation, Zipcar presents customers the pliability of deciding the variety of hours and distance of automotive utilization. As well as, in contrast to automotive rental corporations which require clients to choose up the vehicles from their workplaces, Zipcar permits members to choose up a automotive from their nearest parking tons situated at strategic factors all through metropolitan areas.

The added comfort over the standard automotive rental enterprise mannequin, coupled with Zipcar’s first mover’s benefit within the US market, led Zipcar to be the biggest car-sharing firm on the earth, with a complete of 570,000 members and eight,000 vehicles.

Zipcar’s Service Proposition – four Easy Steps to Driving a Zipcar Firstly, new customers are required to apply for a Zipcar membership which prices about USD60 yearly.

Secondly, customers proceed to reserve a particular automotive mannequin at their most well-liked nearest location, through telephone, on-line or the Zipcar cell utility. Thirdly, customers proceed to their reserved vehicles and unlock their vehicles by having an RFID scanner situated on the automotive’s windscreen scan their assigned Zipcards. Lastly, customers return their vehicles to designated parking tons and will probably be subsequently billed on a per-hour foundation, with out having to pay for gasoline or insurance coverage prices.

Zipcar’s 4 Market Segments

The majority of Zipcar’s operations is situated inside the US, though it does function in selective cities of Canada and the UK. Its revenues come from the next 4 market segments. Particular person Membership| Servicing people preferring car-sharing to city automotive possession due to vital price financial savings| Universities| Working with universities to tackle the shortage of parking tons by offering car-sharing to employees and college students and decreasing the variety of vehicles on campus| Companies & Authorities| Working with companies and native governments to meet environmental objectives by offering staff entry to Zipcars and inspiring car-pooling| FastFleet System| Promoting its proprietary and trademarked car-sharing administration programs to organizations occupied with implementing an inner car-sharing program| Alternative for Zipcar to Enter the Rising European Automotive-Sharing Market In 2006, the European Union (EU) introduced plans to drastically cut back greenhouse gasoline emissions and the carbon footprint throughout European nations.

Underneath the brand new EU vitality coverage, European nations are required to report their annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. As such, given their means to cut back the vehicles on the highway and consequently the greenhouse gasoline emissions and carbon footprints, car-sharing providers flourished in Europe. In accordance to Frost & Sullivan, the income from car-sharing in Europe is probably going to hit $2.6 billion EURO ($three.four billion USD) by the 2016. This determine even exceeds the projected US car-sharing income in 2016 of $three.three billion USD. On condition that the European car-sharing market is probably going to be extra profitable than the US one, Zipcar shouldn’t miss out on the chance to broaden its operations to Europe.

Our Really helpful Objective for Zipcar and Causes for Recommending It Regardless of missing a first-mover’s benefit, we advocate that Zipcar units its sight on penetrating the European car-sharing market, particularly Germany and Switzerland, and seizing market management in the long term. Our group proposes the usage of artistic collaboration methods as a workaround to Zipcar’s lack of first-mover’s benefit when getting into the aforementioned markets. These methods will probably be additional elaborated upon in Element #2. Our advice of seizing market management in Switzerland and Germany is predicated on the next causes. Firstly, Zipcar’s acquisition of UK car-sharing market chief (Streetcar) as well as to its minority stake in a Spanish car-sharing start-up (Avancar) supplies a strong geographical platform for enlargement throughout Europe.

By tapping on the data base relating to the European car-sharing scene Streetcar and Avancar constructed up through the years, Zipcar may higher perceive the variations in shopper preferences between European car-sharing clients and their US counterparts with none incurring any market analysis bills. Zipcar may then tweak their car-sharing providing and obtain larger ranges of market-fit. Secondly, Germany and Switzerland make up 35% and 19% of the European car-sharing market respectivelyv. Aside from the UK, which Zipcar is a market chief in due to its current acquisition of Streetcar, the remaining European nations solely make up single-digit market shares amongst the European car-sharing market.

Since Germany and Switzerland make up virtually half of the European car-sharing market, getting into these two markets as a substitute of different geographic markets ought to give them the best Return on Funding (ROI). Thirdly, by focusing on high-growth car-sharing markets like that of Switzerland and Germany, Zipcar can reap substantial economies of scale and scope, which is able to lead to a decrease price construction, because it will increase the scale of its automotive fleet to meet the growing demand for car-sharing in these nations. For instance, Zipcar may negotiate bulk insurance coverage offers at cheaper charges with insurance coverage corporations. Seeing as how Zipcar’s current revenue margins have been eroded by growing working prices like hovering costs of petrol, it will be significant that Zipcar discover price financial savings by way of economies of scale and scope to guarantee long-term sustainability of income.

Aggressive Benefits that Helps Zipcar Fulfill Lengthy Time period Objective Firstly, as a car-sharing agency that owns the biggest automotive fleet on the earth, Zipcar has developed quite a few patented applied sciences and invests closely in analysis and growth to uncover new improvements which may strengthen its technological management. As an illustration, its patented “Z3D Information Heart” know-how is able to synchronizing and displaying real-time info like reservation price, car location maps on numerous shopper touch-points like the net web site, Zipcar cell utility and phone reservation system. Wanting ahead, Zipcar is planning to use its proprietary wi-fi information community to be the primary car-sharing supplier to implement in-car Bluetooth and even Web Wi-Fi providers.

Secondly, through the years, Zipcar has been constructing a big quantity of brand name fairness. Immediately, Zipcar is a model that’s synonymous with automotive sharing and environmental conservation. Its highly effective model and reliable model identify is underscored by the quite a few awards it has received through the years. For instance, Promoting Age Journal named Zipcar in its 2009 checklist of “High 30 World’s Hottest Manufacturers”. Given its highly effective model, Zipcar will discover it simpler to achieve the belief of potential collaborative companions. Nevertheless, transferability of those aggressive benefits throughout geographical boundaries could be held again by variations in shopper behaviours and aggressive panorama.

As an illustration, Europe and the US have radically completely different GPS networks and Zipcar would possibly encounter challenges in implementing its patented GPS-reliant “Z3D Information Heart” know-how in Europe. The extent to which Zipcar may leverage on its aggressive benefits will in the end depend upon the effectiveness of its deployment methods. Potential Pitfalls that Zipcar Ought to Look Out for When Pursuing its Objectives Whereas penetrating the European market, Zipcar needs to be cautious of the risk it would face within the US market from an rising type of car-sharing the place on-line communities like Zimride permit people to type automotive swimming pools with others who reside close to them.

It’s important that Zipcar hedge in opposition to this more and more in style type of car-sharing by not overcommitting its monetary capital to the European market, and allocating a hard and fast portion of its annual advertising funds to the US market, so as to differentiate itself from Zimride because the superior car-sharing providing by way of the usage of artistic advertising initiatives and even gross sales promotions.. Challenges Confronted as a Second-Mover into the Germany and Switzerland Market We established in Element 1 that Zipcar’s subsequent logical plan of action will probably be to compete for market management in Switzerland and Germany.

Nevertheless, this will probably be an uphill process, as Car2Go and Mobility, the respective market leaders in Germany and Switzerland, have leveraged on their first movers benefit to erect vital limitations to entry. Firstly, as first movers, Car2Go and Mobility have established themselves as technological leaders and have formed buyer expectations relating to car-sharing technological options. As an illustration, Car2Go has put in patent-pending digital dashboards of their vehicles, which permits customers to get directional assist through GPS know-how, in addition to hold monitor of distance travelled and its resultant prices. Zipcar alternatively, is within the midst of implementing such applied sciences and would possibly come throughout as an inferior alternative to sure group of shoppers.

Secondly, Car2Go and Mobility have pre-emptively secured scarce property very important for achievement of a car-sharing enterprise. Being first on the scene, they’ve secured strategic and restricted parking tons across the cities as their designated car-sharing parking tons. Dealing with the above second mover’s disadvantages, it will likely be problem for Zipcar to enter the brand new markets within the standard method. As such, our workforce recommends utilizing artistic collaborations methods, tailor-made particularly for Germany and Switzerland individually. Entry into Germany as a Second-Mover through Collaboration with a Railway Operator * Causes Why Zipcar Ought to Collaborate with Deutsche Bahn AG By collaborating with Deutsche Bahn AG (DBAG), the government-owned railway operator, Zipcar will achieve swift entry to scarce assets in type of car-sharing parking tons.

Within the city areas, a lot of the restricted viable parking tons have already been transformed into Car2Go’s designated lot due to their first mover’s place, leaving shut to none for brand spanking new entrants. Being a state-owned public transport operator, DBAG holds strategic state-owned land areas in city districts, which could possibly be transformed into designated Zipcar parking tons. That is made attainable by a German laws permitting authorities authorities to authorize the conversion of state-owned land into car-sharing stations and much. As such, Zipcar avoids the prolonged means of buying parking tons on their very own prior to starting operations, throughout which Car2Go would have continued to strengthen its market management within the absence of Zipcar.

* Causes Why Deutsche Bahn AG Would Need to Collaborate with Zipcar The DB model is synonymous with being the “frontrunner on local weather safety”. By collaborating with Zipcar, which “takes 100,000 vehicles off the highway and reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 150 million kilos yearly”, DB may faucet on Zipcar’s credibility and confirmed monitor document of being environmentally pleasant to improve its model fairness as customers begin to intently affiliate the 2 manufacturers over time. In addition to, prior in-depth research in European nations have proven that collaboration between car-sharing and public transport corporations have resulted in larger revenue margins for each get together. * Executing the Collaboration and Attaining Lengthy Time period Market Management This collaboration will search to combine completely different transport choices, giving residents in Germany the choice of catching a practice for the principle a part of a visit, earlier than choosing up a Zipcar at a particular station and drive for the final a part of the journey.

The purchasers of DBAG are a really perfect goal section for Zipcar to lengthen its service providing to, as these frequent railway commuters are unlikely to personal a automotive. Therefore, Zipcar ought to launch initiatives that convert railway commuters into Zipcar members. As an illustration, Zipcar may execute joint advertising campaigns with DBAG selling joint-package pricing applications the place customers take pleasure in discounted charges for railway practice rides and Zipcar’s automotive sharing providers. Zipcar can even leverage on the distinctive advertising channels DBAG presents by posting advertising collaterals in railway stations and inside trains themselves to educate commuters about its car-sharing supply. On condition that numerous Germans take the railway on daily basis, this serves an efficient platform for Zipcar to attain out to an unlimited goal group.

These advertising collaterals also needs to make the partnership between DBAG and Zipcar apparent, by way of slogans like “Zipcar – the general public automotive from DBAG”. Figuring out that the service is jointly-offered by their established and trusted public operator, customers will probably be extra receptive to Zipcar’s supply. Within the curiosity of person comfort and expediting the adoption fee, Zipcar ought to clearly point out on the DB railway transport route map which stations supply car-sharing providers. Zipcar also needs to station employees at railway stations offering dependable info relating to car-sharing. Entry into Switzerland as a Second-Mover through Collaboration with Universities Mobility, the Switzerland car-sharing market chief, is concerned in a collaboration with the Swiss Federal Railways. Therefore, Zipcar can’t use the identical collaboration technique as what we proposed for Germany and we advise Zipcar collaborate with native universities as a substitute.

* Causes Why Zipcar Ought to Collaborate with Switzerland Universities Zipcar lacks a knowledge-base concerning the Switzerland car-sharing market, notably shopper preferences and strategic places the place car-sharing is in excessive demand. By collaborating with native universities that serve an significance supply of studying, Zipcar may quickly construct up its knowledge-base by way of interactions with tertiary college students, as in contrast to venturing into the market alone with none type of market intelligence or analysis. Universities are additionally preferrred collaboration companions as school college students are typically open-minded youths who type nearly all of the “early adopters” who’re keen to strive new progressive concepts like car-sharing.

* Causes Why the Switzerland Universities Would Need to Collaborate with Zipcar The collaboration with Zipcar achieves a strategic match – discount of carbon footprint. Switzerland is among the main environmentally pleasant international locations due to steady governmental efforts to promote a inexperienced life-style. Zipcar’s mission assertion of decreasing world carbon footprint will resonate properly with these government-linked universities. As well as, most Switzerland universities, particularly these situated within the metropolis, face parking administration points due to the shortage of land and face an institutional want to cut back vehicles parked on campus. Collaboration with Zipcar supplies an economical method of fixing the above points, given Zipcar eight-years’ price of partnership expertise with US faculties, throughout which they achieved a confirmed monitor document of slicing down the variety of vehicles and visitors congestions in numerous campuses.

* Executing the Collaboration and Attaining Lengthy Time period Market Management Initially, Zipcar ought to concentrate on selling mass adoption amongst college college students. As it’s a ceremony of passage for many European graduates to buy a automotive once they depart college, it’s essential for Zipcar to get college students to expertise the advantages of car-sharing first-hand and heat them up to the thought of a car-free life-style publish school years. Since most college college students have restricted spending energy, Zipcar ought to tailor its advertising initiatives to convey the price financial savings college students will take pleasure in as a Zipcar member, due to their lack of a necessity to pay for automotive insurance coverage, parking and rising gasoline costs. Zipcar may additionally need to emphasize a narrative of comfort, the place college students’ matriculation playing cards may double as Zipcards that unlock Zipcars.

Making an allowance for that college college students are principally Millennial (adults belonging to Technology Y), who’re progressively getting extra environmentally aware, Zipcar may additionally spotlight the actual fact it presents a collection of hybrid vehicles, just like the Totyota Prius and Citroën C1. Upon reaching mass adoption standing, Zipcar ought to convert graduating school college students into life-long Zipcar members, by providing incentives of decrease annual membership charges and loyalty factors. By focusing on a particular goal section (i.e. school college students) as a substitute of competing head-on with Mobility for a similar group of shoppers, Zipcar can steadily develop its market share and ultimately emerge in place to problem for market management.


i Baan, J., Mack, D., Murphy, T., Sharma, S., & Watson, L. (2011, 08 22). Zipcar to set the Tempo in Race for “Younger Urbanite” Market. Glendale, Arizona, USA. ii Edgar On-line. (2011, 04 14). Edgar On-line – ZIPCAR INC. Retrieved 10 22, 2011, from Edgar On-line: iii Garthwaite, J. (2011, four 14). Automotive Sharing Startups Take pleasure in Zipcar’s I.P.O Glow. New York, USA: New York Instances. Retrieved 10 22, 2011, from NY iv Zipcar Inc. (2011, 01 01). How It Works. four easy steps to freedom from automotive rental and possession – Zipcar. Retrieved 10 22, 2011, from Zipcar: v Zipcar Inc. (2011, 01 01). Fee & Plans, automotive sharing as a substitute of automotive rental and proudly owning a automotive – Zipcar. Retrieved 10 22, 2011, from Zipcar Inc:

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