Cardiovascular Disease Week 5 Discussion
Discussion on Cardiovascular Disease for Week 5
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of early death and disability around the world. It also adds a lot to the cost of health care, especially for medicine, medical services, and lost production. In particular, heart disease and stroke have the highest rate of occurrence in the United States. Each year, an average of 610,000 and 365,000 people die from CVD (CDC, 2015). In the same way, CVD costs the US about $207 billion every year in medicine, health care services, and lost work time. Notably, the number of people who get heart disease or a stroke depends on things like their race, gender, age, and whether or not they have certain disorders. In the same way, the project includes important ideas about intervention, comparison, outcome, and time as important factors in heart disease and stroke in the United States. So, a better way of talking about heart disease and stroke is important for the project’s presentation.
Heart disease is a condition that affects the heart, according to the Mayo Clinic (2018). This includes blood vessel diseases, arrhythmias, and other heart defects. Significantly, heart disease and CVD are the same thing. Both are caused by infections that narrow or block blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack, chest pain, or a stroke, among other symptoms. In the same way, (Mayo Clinic, 2018) says that many CVD can be prevented and treated by living a healthy life.
Cardiovascular diseases are a constant cause of death in the United States. In 2016, it is expected that 840,678 people will die from them, which is about one in three deaths (Salim et al. 2020). In the same way, between 2013 and 2016, 121.5 million American adults showed signs of CVD. Notably, the direct and indirect costs of managing CVD in the US were $213.8 billion and $137.4 billion between 2013 and 2015. Between 2013 and 2016, 57.1 percent of non-Hispanic black women and 60.1 percent of non-Hispanic black men showed signs of CVD (Salim et al. 2020). The researcher says that atherosclerosis, which is caused by a bad diet, not getting enough exercise, being overweight, and smoking, is one cause of CVD. In the epistemology studies, risk factors like age, sex, family history, smoking, chemotherapy and radiation drugs, high blood pressure, poor diet, obesity, lack of physical activity, stress, and bad hygiene are highlighted as risk factors for CVD (Mayo Clinic, 2018). So, heart disease epistemological shows the patterns, causes, risk factors, and certain groups of people in the United States.
Cardiovascular disease is known to have different symptoms in men and women. (Mayo Clinic, 2018) says that men have worse chest pain than women, and that women’s symptoms like shortness of breath, nausea, and tiredness are more obvious than in men. In general, chest pain, discomfort, tightness, pain, numbness, weakness, and pain in places like the neck, jaw, upper abdomen, back, and throat are all signs of cardiovascular disease (Mayo Clinic, 2018). So, symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, and fainting make it clear that a person needs to see a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment.
Heart arrhythmias, dilated cardiomyopathy, heart defects, heart infections, and atherosclerotic diseases all cause the CVD complication. Mayo Clinic (2018) says that complications of heart disease and stroke include heart failure, a heart attack, a stroke, peripheral artery disease, cardiac arrest, and aneurysm. So, a full diagnosis should include complications from heart disease for evidence-based case management.
When it comes to diagnosing and treating heart diseases, there are a number of methods and procedures used in clinical settings. X-rays, ECGs, exercise stress tests, echocardiograms, blood tests, coronary angiograms, MRI scans, CT scans, and radionuclide tests are some ways to find out what’s wrong (Salim et al. 2020). So, finding the right methods for making a diagnosis in clinical testing is important for getting a good result and taking care of heart disease.
The end with the PICOT Question
In the end, knowing what epidemiological studies, clinical presentations, complications, diagnoses, and the PICOT question mean gives you a better understanding of how heart disease and strokes are treated in the United States. (P) How do risk factors for CVD (I) like smoking and not being physically active (C) affect CVD treatment (T) in two years for a patient with risk factors for CVD (I) but few or unknown risk factors (I)? Discussion on Cardiovascular Disease for Week 5
Diseases Control and Prevention Centers (2015). Facts about heart disease. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm
Mayo Hospital (2018). Heart Problems. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353118
Salim, V. et al (2020). The American Heart Association has a report called Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2020 Update. AHA Journals, 141, 9, http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/epub/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000757