Posted: July 19th, 2022

Causes of the Venezuella Refinery Complex Fire Incident Essay Sample

The Paraguana Refinery Complex was state-owned by the Petroleos de Venezuela. S. A. ( PDVSA ) . PDVSA has lengthy been criticized for his or her carelessness in industrial security. Since 2003. PDVSA has been suffering from 79 accidents which embody 6 detonations and seven fires inside the refinery composite. Regardless of these incidents. no main security steps had been undertaken by the firm. This makes the security criterions of PDVSA questionable. As a consequence. the carelessness of security protocols by the PDVSA is the root trigger of the Amuay refinery detonation. Lack of Upkeep

In PDVSA’s 2011 examine. it was discovered that seven out of the 9 main care undertakings scheduled for Amuay had been postponed attributable to dropping changing components. The continuance of unscheduled downtime subsequently elevated. The deficiency of care may maintain in addition to resulted in failure of security units ( i. e. security interlock system. security valves ) . The gasoline leak could subsequently be attributable to gear failure that was non recognized attributable to a deficiency of correct care.


Harmonizing to PDVSA Vice-President. a leak of propane and butane gasoline was detected an hr earlier than the blast. Nevertheless. staff and occupants populating close by have reported on the odor of gasoline yearss earlier than the incident. Regardless of this. no actions had been taken to include the state of affairs. Political

In 2003. Hugo Chavez. the president of Venezuela fired 18. 000 PDVSA workers and changed them with occasion stalwarts. As such. the firm misplaced many workers with expertness in industrial security. It’s in addition to reported that PDVSA did not put in common care and security safeguards. whereas directing financess into authorities societal and lodging undertakings. Resulting from the recreation of financess and the loss of security consultants in the composite. PDVSA is subsequently unable to uphold excessive security criterions which may be a trigger to the tragic incident.

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