Posted: March 16th, 2022

I have been feeling exhausted and my hair is falling out

Episodic/Centered SOAP Observe

Pupil’s Title
Institutional Affiliation
Course
Professor’s Title
Date

Episodic/Centered SOAP Observe
Affected person Info:
Initials: C, Age: 32, Intercourse: Feminine, Race: White
S.
CC: I have been feeling exhausted and my hair is falling out.
HPI: Chantal, a 32-year-old feminine affected person presents to the well being facility complaining of exhaustion and hair falling out. She has skilled an unintentional weight achieve of 30 kilos for the final one 12 months and low urge for food. The affected person has been experiencing chilly intolerance and sleeplessness. She denied being depressed and enjoys varied hobbies.
Present Medicines: Nutritional vitamins (Ls)Meloxicam Oral 15 Mg 1 Tab(S) Day by day By Mouth and ibruprofen.
Allergy symptoms: Allergic to penicillin and chilly and mud.
PMHx: Hypertension and kind 2 diabetes.
Soc Hx: The affected person is married with 2-year-old son. She is a former smoker. She solely takes alcohol throughout social events.
Fam Hx: The daddy are alive with no outstanding well being historical past. His mom has hypertension nevertheless it is properly managed. The son is wholesome and persevering with with interval immunizations.
ROS:
GENERAL: 30 kilos of weight achieve, alopecia, poor urge for food, fatigue, and chilly intolerance.
HEENT: Eyes: No imaginative and prescient difficulties, yellow sclerae, or double imaginative and prescient. Ears, Nostril, Throat: No listening to difficulties, sneezing, operating nostril, congestion within the respiratory system, and sore throat.
SKIN: No itching, lesions, and accidents.
CARDIOVASCULAR: No chest ache, edema, chest discomfort or strain, and palpitations.
RESPIRATORY: No cough, sputum, and shortness of breath.
GASTROINTESTINAL: No diarrhea, belly ache, blood within the stool, nausea, or vomiting. The affected person experiences a low urge for food.
GENITOURINARY: Info on the final menstrual interval is not out there. The affected person has no burning sensation throughout urination.
NEUROLOGICAL: No tingling in extremities, ataxia, dizziness, and headache, or change in bowel motion or bladder management.
MUSCULOSKELETAL: No stiffness of the muscle tissues, ache within the again or joints.
HEMATOLOGIC: No bleeding or bruising. No anemia.
LYMPHATICS: No splenectomy or enlarged nodes.
PSYCHIATRIC: The affected person denies she is depressed. The signs recommend she is having a psychological drawback on account of sleeplessness and feeling drained.
ENDOCRINOLOGIC: She feels chilly on a regular basis. She has no polyuria and polydipsia.
ALLERGIES: Allergic to penicillin and chilly and mud.
O.
Bodily examination: B/P 120/80, T 98.0F, Pulse fee 78, BMI 20.
Diagnostic outcomes: Thyroid hormonal check, chest X-ray, blood hemoglobin check.
A.
Differential Diagnoses
Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is a situation also called an underactive thyroid. The situation happens when the thyroid doesn’t secrete important hormones for correct functioning (Bekkering et al., 2019). The situation causes some noticeable signs together with unintentional weight achieve, fatigue, dry pores and skin, constipation, and chilly sensitivity. Constipation results in a lower within the degree of urge for food (Bekkering et al., 2019). Hypothyroidism is an autoimmune dysfunction that happens when antibodies assault the thyroid gland. Remedy includes artificial thyroid hormone levothyroxine to take care of the required hormone ranges within the physique. Sufferers begin feeling higher after remedy when the severity of the signs subside (Bekkering et al., 2019). Sufferers ought to discuss to a healthcare supplier to assessment their weight loss plan since it might probably have an effect on the restoration course of. In the US, 5 out of 100 folks have hypothyroidism which quantities to four.6 million of the inhabitants amongst folks aged 12 years and above.
Hypothyroidism is the most certainly situation that the affected person is affected by as a result of similarity within the signs and the constructive outcomes of the thyroid hormonal check.
Iron deficiency anemia
Iron deficiency anemia is a sort of anemic situation that ends in inadequate purple blood cells to hold oxygenated blood to numerous elements of the physique. Lack of enough purple blood cells results in signs comparable to exhaustion (Camaschella, 2017). Different signs embody dizziness, quick coronary heart fee, and shortness of breath. The situation can result in loss of life or extreme well being outcomes. Among the widespread causes embody peptic ulcers, lack of iron within the weight loss plan, or colorectal most cancers (Camaschella, 2017). Remedy concerned iron tablets and iron dietary supplements. Checks for iron deficiency anemia embody full blood depend (CBC) (Camaschella, 2017). If the situation is left untreated, it might probably make an individual prone to diseases on account of weak immunity. Sufferers ought to search remedy to keep away from antagonistic outcomes.
Weight problems
Weight problems is a situation that refers to extreme physique fats. The illness is not only a beauty concern however a medical drawback that exposes a person to numerous well being points (Bluher, 2019). For instance, overweight individuals are susceptible to diabetes, hypertension, and most cancers. Causes embody bodily inactivity, overeating, genetics, psychological components, and hypothyroidism (Bluher, 2019). BMI is the usual check to find out if an individual is overweight. Remedy includes bodily exercise, change of way of life, and regulating the nutrient consumption.
Main depressive dysfunction
Main depressive dysfunction (MDD) is characterised by a depressive temper that impairs the standard of life. Among the signs of the psychological situation contain lack of curiosity in day by day actions, disappointment, adjustments in sleep patterns, urge for food, shallowness, habits, and vitality ranges (Hasin et al., 2018). A depressed or irritable temper for 2 weeks can point out the presence of MDD. Discuss remedy and remedy comparable to serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are necessary remedy strategies for the situation (Hasin et al., 2018).
Systemic lupus erythema
Systemic lupus erythema (SLE) is an autoimmune situation that impacts the pores and skin, kidney, and joints. The key signs embody fatigue, fever, and joint ache (Zhang et al., 2017). X-rays are important diagnostic exams to find out the presence of systemic lupus erythema. SLE impacts varied physique organs together with the center, lung, and kidneys (Zhang et al., 2017). Among the widespread medicine embody non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine. The medicine are used to manage the signs since there is no treatment for the illness.

References
Bekkering, G. E., Agoritsas, T., Lytvyn, L., Heen, A. F., Feller, M., Moutzouri, E., … & Farhoumand, P. D. (2019). Thyroid hormones remedy for subclinical hypothyroidism: a medical observe guideline. Bmj, 365. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l2006
Bluher, M. (2019). Weight problems: world epidemiology and pathogenesis. Nature Opinions Endocrinology, 15(5), 288-298. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-019-0176-Eight
Camaschella, C. (2017). New insights into iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia. Blood opinions, 31(four), 225-233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.blre.2017.02.004
Hasin, D. S., Sarvet, A. L., Meyers, J. L., Saha, T. D., Ruan, W. J., Stohl, M., & Grant, B. F. (2018). Epidemiology of grownup DSM-5 main depressive dysfunction and its specifiers in the US. JAMA Psychiatry, 75(four), 336-346. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.4602
Zhang, Y. P., Wu, J., Han, Y. F., Shi, Z. R., & Wang, L. (2017). Pathogenesis of cutaneous lupus erythema related to and with out systemic lupus erythema. Autoimmunity Opinions, 16(7), 735-742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2017.05.009

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